How To Putt In Golf

Golf may be a game of long drives and tricky approaches, but it's on the green where matches are truly won or lost.

To excel in putting, you'll need a precise stance, the right grip, a consistent stroke, regular practice through drills, and a resilient mindset.

In essence, to putt well in golf, ensure your feet are hip-width apart, your ball is slightly ahead of center, your grip keeps your wrists steady, and your stroke follows a rhythmic cadence.

Dive into this article for a deeper dive into each of these crucial aspects.

Understanding the Basics of Putting

When you watch a golf game, the long drives might grab your attention, but the real magic? That happens on the green.

Putting, often termed as the “game within the game,” can be the difference between victory and defeat.

Let’s uncover the fundamental essence of putting, diving deep into its role in golf and unpacking the primary steps involved.

The Role of Putting in the Overall Game of Golf

  • The Decisive Factor: Even if you have a fantastic long game, it’s on the green where golf games are most frequently won or lost. One can drive and approach accurately, but without converting those shots into completed holes with effective putts, it's tough to maintain a competitive score.
  • Fine Margin of Error: The precision required in putting is unmatched. Even a tiny deviation can result in missed putts, making every small detail vital.
  • Psychological Implications: Putting isn’t just about skill; it’s also a mental game. Missing a crucial putt can impact a golfer’s mindset and affect subsequent plays. Conversely, sinking a challenging putt can be a confidence booster.
  • A Skill Separate from the Rest: While other golf shots involve power and range, putting is more about precision, control, and reading the green. This unique combination makes it a distinct skill set within golf.

Quick Snapshot of the Main Steps Involved in Putting

  • Stance: Begin with your feet roughly hip-width apart. Your balance is crucial; evenly distribute your weight between both feet. Ensure your feet point forward, setting the foundation for a straight shot.
  • Ball Position: Place the ball slightly ahead of the center of your stance. This position ensures that the putter connects with the ball in an upward motion, helping it roll smoothly on the green.
  • Grip: There's no one-size-fits-all here. Whether you opt for the traditional grip, the cross-handed, or even the claw grip, the key is to keep your wrists and hands steady. The grip should provide stability and control, minimizing any unnecessary movements that might disrupt the putt.
  • The Stroke: Picture a pendulum. That’s your ideal putting stroke – smooth, consistent, and straightforward. Limit the moving parts, focusing on a motion driven mostly by the shoulders. It's crucial to maintain a consistent rhythm or cadence throughout the stroke. This ensures uniformity and helps in gauging distance and power.
  • Eyes on the Prize: Your eyes should be directly over the ball or slightly inside of it. This alignment helps in ensuring the putter face remains square to the intended line.
  • Reading the Green: Before making the putt, assess the green. Look out for slopes, the grain of the grass, and any potential obstacles. Every green has its quirks, and learning to read them is essential.

Perfecting Your Putting Stance

Getting your putting stance right is akin to a singer hitting the perfect pitch.

It's foundational. Without the correct stance, every other component of your putt can be off.

Let’s dive deep into what makes a putting stance effective, exploring its different facets, from your feet's positioning to the ball's exact spot.

The Ideal Stance for Putting and Why It Matters

In golf, as in life, a strong foundation is crucial. The stance you take sets the stage for the entire putt, serving as the base from which you execute your stroke.

When we talk about the “ideal” stance, we're focusing on a position that maximizes balance and stability, allowing you to move your upper body in a smooth pendulum-like motion.

An inconsistent or uncomfortable stance can introduce unnecessary variables into your stroke, leading to off-line putts and poor distance control.

Getting this foundation right ensures that the other elements of your putt – the grip, the stroke, the follow-through – have the best possible chance of success.

The Importance of Foot Positioning and Alignment

Your feet are pivotal (literally!) to your putting stance. Starting with the width, you'll want your feet to be about hip-width apart. This spacing tends to provide the most stability.

Too narrow, and you might find yourself off-balance; too wide, and you may restrict your movement.

Next, alignment: your feet should be parallel to your intended target line.

This not only helps with direction but also ensures that your body is aligned correctly, promoting a straight back and straight through stroke.

Misaligned feet can unconsciously force you to make adjustments mid-stroke, a surefire way to introduce inconsistency.

How the Ball's Position Affects the Putt's Trajectory

The ball's position in relation to your feet plays a significant role in determining the putt's initial direction and roll.

If you've placed the ball too far back in your stance (closer to your back foot), the putter may strike it with a descending blow, causing the ball to hop or skid before it starts its roll.

On the flip side, if the ball is too far forward (closer to your front foot), you might end up hitting it on the upswing, potentially adding unwanted loft and reducing roll.

Ideally, you'll want the ball positioned just slightly ahead of the center of your stance.

This allows the putter to connect at the lowest point of its arc, ensuring a clean, smooth roll that remains true to your intended line.

Finding the Right Grip

The grip: it's the bridge between you and your putter, and its significance can't be overstated.

Much like a musician feels their instrument or a painter their brush, a golfer's grip determines the finesse and control they wield on the green.

While seemingly simple, the nuances in how one holds the putter can drastically affect the putt's outcome. So, let's get a grip on, well, grips.

Exploring the Various Putting Grips: Traditional, Cross-Handed, Claw Grip, etc.

The beautiful thing about golf is its allowance for personal preferences, and putting grips are no exception.

The traditional grip, often seen on the greens, has the left hand (for right-handed golfers) placed above the right, with fingers wrapping around the handle, promoting a fluid, pendulum motion.

Then there’s the cross-handed or left-hand low grip, a favorite among some pros.

It sees the right hand at the top and the left hand below (for right-handers), helping those who struggle with wrist movement to stabilize their stroke.

Another intriguing choice is the claw grip.

This grip involves the top hand holding the club traditionally, while the bottom hand holds it in a manner similar to holding a pencil, facilitating a softer touch, particularly for those with firmer hands.

The Importance of Keeping Hands and Wrists Stable During a Putt

Stability is the name of the game when it comes to putting. Unwanted wrist action can introduce a world of inconsistencies.

Imagine trying to paint a straight line with a shaky hand; the result would be, well, not straight.

The same applies to putting. A stable grip ensures that the stroke's power comes primarily from the shoulders, maintaining the putter face's direction and angle.

When the wrists get too involved, it’s easy for the putter face to open or close unintentionally, sending your ball veering off its intended line.

Tips to Determine Which Grip Works Best for You

Finding the perfect grip is a blend of comfort, control, and results.

Start by evaluating your current grip. Are your putts typically on line? Is your distance control consistent?

If not, consider making a change. Experiment with each grip on the practice green, noting how the ball rolls with each one. But it's not just about results.

Comfort is paramount. If a grip doesn't feel right, you'll likely struggle with consistency.

Listen to your body and watch the ball. Over time, one grip will likely emerge as the most comfortable and effective for you. Lastly, don't be afraid to seek advice.

Whether it's a local pro, a trusted friend, or even online tutorials, sometimes an external perspective can provide invaluable insights.

Mastering the Putting Stroke

The heartbeat of putting, the stroke is where thought transforms into action.

Like a pianist pressing keys to create harmony, a golfer's stroke determines whether their read, alignment, and speed coalesce into a successful putt.

But what makes a stroke truly sing? Let's delve into the symphony of a masterful putting stroke.

The Anatomy of a Good Putting Stroke

At its core, a commendable putting stroke is simple, yet sophisticated.

It begins with a setup that allows for minimal movement; shoulders aligned, eyes over the ball, and hands beneath the shoulders.

This sets the stage for a straight back and straight through motion.

The stroke itself is initiated by the shoulders, ensuring that the club's face remains square to the intended line.

Throughout this motion, the lower body remains as still as possible, acting as an anchor.

The finish should be a natural extension of the backswing, with the putter head pointing towards the target and the hands completing their motion.

Think of it as a gentle wave, initiated at the shoulders, flowing through the arms, and delicately delivering the ball towards its destination.

The Importance of Rhythm and Cadence in a Putting Stroke

Rhythm in putting is akin to the consistent tempo in a piece of music.

Every golfer's stroke has a unique rhythm, but what's essential is its consistency.

A smooth cadence ensures that the ball rolls evenly over the green, reducing the chance of bouncing or skidding.

Whether you prefer a quicker tap or a slower, elongated stroke, maintaining a consistent rhythm from start to finish is vital.

This rhythm also aids in distance control, ensuring that longer putts don't fall short and shorter ones don't race past the hole.

Common Mistakes Golfers Make and How to Avoid Them

  1. Decelerating through the Stroke: One frequent pitfall is slowing down the putter head before impact. This deceleration can lead to mis-hits and poor distance control. Always ensure you're following through and accelerating slightly into the ball.
  2. Overusing the Wrists: As discussed earlier, a good stroke is dominated by shoulder movement. Overactive wrists can make the putt go awry. Regularly practicing and focusing on keeping your wrists passive can help combat this issue.
  3. Not Committing to the Line: Doubt can be a golfer's worst enemy. Once you've chosen your line, commit to it. Second-guessing mid-stroke often results in a putt that's offline.
  4. Failing to Maintain a Stable Lower Body: Any shifting or swaying in the legs or hips can throw off the stroke. Plant your feet firmly and use your lower body as a rock-solid foundation.

Effective Putting Drills to Practice

Just as a musician runs scales or an actor rehearses lines, a golfer's prowess on the green is sculpted through deliberate practice.

But not all practice is created equal; the key lies in purposeful, targeted drills that hone specific facets of your putting game.

Embarking on this journey, you'll find that the path to sinking those tricky 10-footers or ensuring lag putts cozy up close begins on the practice green, with a few essential drills in your arsenal.

Introduction to Drills that Can Improve Your Putting Game

Drills are the building blocks of skill. Designed to be repeatable and focused, they dissect the vast panorama of putting into manageable chunks, allowing golfers to refine each element.

From short putts to long ones, from breaking putts to straight ones, there's a drill tailored for every challenge.

Whether you're struggling with alignment, distance control, or the yips, the right drill can provide both the diagnosis and the remedy.

Step-by-Step Walkthrough of a Few Popular Drills

  • The Gate Drill: This is fantastic for ensuring your putter face is square at impact. Place two tees in the ground, just wider than your putter face, about a foot in front of the ball. Your goal? Stroke the ball through this ‘gate' without hitting the tees. If you can consistently roll your ball through the gate, you're likely making square contact.
  • The Ladder Drill: For distance control, this is a gem. Start by placing a ball 3 feet away from the hole, the next one 4 feet away, then 5 feet, and so on. Now, start from the closest ball and try to sink each putt. If you miss one, start over. This drill not only improves distance judgment but also builds pressure as you progress.
  • The Circle Drill: Confidence from close range can be a game-changer. Place a series of balls in a circle around a hole, each about 3 feet away. Move around the circle, attempting to hole each putt. As you get better, increase the distance.

How Consistent Practice Can Translate to Better Results on the Course

The magic of drills isn't just in their execution but in their repetition.

Consistency is the cornerstone of mastery.

By regularly practicing these drills, you're not just improving the technical aspects of your putt; you're also building muscle memory, confidence, and a mental playbook to draw upon when faced with a challenging putt on the course.

With each successful drill repetition, you're not just moving a ball closer to a hole; you're moving yourself closer to becoming a more formidable, reliable, and confident putter.

The Mental Game of Putting

Putting, often deemed golf's final frontier, is as much an art of the mind as it is of the body.

When the grass beneath your feet turns smoother, and the hole seems tantalizingly close, it's not just your putter's alignment or stroke speed that comes into play—it's the intricate dance of neurons, emotions, and focus inside your head.

Let's take a journey into the cerebral realm of putting and discover why the mind might just be the most potent tool in your golf bag.

Why Mindset is Crucial When You’re on the Green

The green might be flat, but the emotional landscape? Far from it. Here, a few inches can feel like miles, and a single miss can echo for the rest of the round.

Why? Because putting is often the culmination of all the shots before it—a final exam of sorts. Here, the stakes feel higher, and the room for error slimmer. The pressure is palpable.

This is where mindset comes into its own. An empowered mindset can be the difference between seeing a putt as an opportunity or a threat, between embracing the challenge or dreading the potential miss.

In essence, while your hands hold the putter, it's your mindset that truly guides it.

Techniques to Focus on the Process, Not Just the Outcome

  1. Visualization: Before you even take the putter back, visualize the ball's journey to the hole. See its path, its speed, its gentle tumble into the cup. This primes your brain for success and anchors you in the present moment.
  2. Breathing: Never underestimate the power of a deep breath. It centers you, calms fraying nerves, and provides a rhythm to your stroke. Before each putt, take a slow, deep inhale, and then a steady exhale. It's the heartbeat of your mental game.
  3. Mantras: Words have power. Having a simple, positive mantra can keep you rooted in the process. Phrases like “Smooth and steady,” or “Trust your line,” can act as anchors, keeping doubt at bay.

Tips to Stay Positive and Confident Even After Missed Putts

  1. Short Memory: Golfers often hear the advice, “Stay in the present.” And it's golden. After a missed putt, it's essential to leave it in the past. Every new putt is a fresh opportunity, unburdened by previous mistakes.
  2. Growth Mindset: Instead of seeing a missed putt as a failure, view it as feedback. What can you learn? Did you misread the break? Was your stroke off? By reframing misses as lessons, you turn setbacks into setups for future successes.
  3. Celebrate the Small Wins: Did you lag a 40-footer to within tap-in range? That's a win! Did you maintain your composure after a three-putt? That's resilience! Celebrate these moments. Confidence is built on recognizing and valuing every positive step, no matter how small.


In the realm of golf, mastering the putter is a blend of physical technique and mental fortitude.

As you step onto the green, remember that every successful putt is born from both precision and mindset.

Harness them together, and the path from ball to hole becomes not just a journey of inches, but one of intent, focus, and triumph.