How To Shallow The Golf Club

Ever wondered how the pros achieve that perfect, consistent swing in golf? The secret is in “shallowing the golf club.”

In essence, it's about adjusting the angle of your club during the downswing to enhance ball striking.

By leading with your lower body, focusing on your lead wrist, and attacking the ball from the inside, you can achieve a shallower, more effective swing.

Keen to dive deeper? Read on for a comprehensive breakdown.

Why Shallowing the Club Matters

Have you ever seen a seasoned golfer effortlessly send the ball soaring with impeccable precision and wondered, “How do they do that?”

Much of that magic lies in the technique known as “shallowing the club.”

It’s more than just a buzzword; it’s a game-changer in the golfing world. Let's dive deep into why this matters so much.

The Effect on Ball Flight and Consistency

When you shallow the club correctly, it doesn’t just look good—it affects how the ball flies. Here's how:

  1. Improved Ball Contact: With a shallower angle, the clubhead approaches the ball more horizontally. This can lead to a sweeter, center-face contact, often referred to as the “sweet spot.” The result? You get more distance and control.
  2. Consistency in Strikes: If you're shallowing correctly, your swing path becomes more consistent. This means that, over time, you can expect more predictable outcomes with each swing, irrespective of the club you're using.
  3. Optimized Spin Rates: The right spin can make all the difference in where your ball lands. A shallower approach promotes a spin that's more favorable for longer carries and controlled landings.

Differences Between Steep and Shallow Swings

It’s essential to understand the distinction between these two approaches and the potential impact on your game:

  1. Steep Swings: A steep swing is when the club comes down on the ball from a more vertical angle. It often:
    • Leads to more divots and deeper marks on the turf.
    • Can produce shots that balloon in the air due to excessive backspin.
    • Risks inconsistency since the clubhead has less room for error when striking the ball.
  2. Shallow Swings: In contrast, a shallower swing has the club approaching the ball from a more horizontal angle. Benefits include:
    • Minimized turf interference, meaning fewer and shallower divots.
    • Optimal ball flight with controlled spin.
    • Greater room for minor errors, promoting more consistent strikes.

The Role of the Lower Body in Shallowing

The precision of a golf swing isn't just about the arms and the club—it's a full-body affair.

One of the often-overlooked heroes in achieving that dream swing is our lower body.

While it might not be as flashy as the arc of a club, understanding the role of the lower body, particularly in shallowing the club, is paramount.

Leading with the Lower Body to Create Dynamics

Leading with the lower body is a bit like dancing.

Think of your hips as the lead dancer, guiding the movement, setting the pace, and establishing the rhythm.

In golf, when you initiate your downswing with your hips and legs, it sets a chain reaction in motion.

This sequence, starting from the lower body, ensures the upper body, arms, and finally the club, follow in a harmonious motion.

This dynamic, led by the lower body, aids in generating the necessary torque and rotational power essential for an effective swing.

And when it comes to shallowing the club, this rotation helps guide the club on the ideal path, allowing it to naturally fall into a shallower position relative to the ground.

Instead of forcing the arms or hands to shallow the club, the dynamics set by the lower body make it a more fluid, organic movement.

The Importance of Weight Shift During the Downswing

Ah, the weight shift—it's the silent conductor orchestrating the symphony of a swing.

It’s integral for balance, power, and directing the ball's trajectory.

During the backswing, weight typically shifts to the back foot, loading up power like a coiled spring.

As the downswing commences, this weight needs to smoothly transfer towards the front foot.

Why does this matter for shallowing? Well, as you shift your weight, it aids in the rotational movement of the hips and torso.

This rotation naturally encourages the hands and, in turn, the club, to drop into a shallower position.

Furthermore, a proper weight shift ensures the clubhead approaches the ball from the inside, a key component in shallowing the club effectively.

Focusing on the Lead Wrist

When diving into the intricacies of the golf swing, it’s tempting to fixate on the bigger movements.

However, sometimes, the subtler motions, like the positioning of the lead wrist, hold the keys to a transformative swing.

The lead wrist, often overshadowed by its more noticeable counterparts, plays a pivotal role in shallowing the golf club.

How the Lead Wrist Controls the Club Angle

The lead wrist is akin to the steering wheel of a car. It might be small compared to the engine and wheels, but it decides where everything else goes.

When you start your downswing, the position of your lead wrist greatly determines the angle at which your club approaches the ball.

A cupped or extended wrist (where the knuckles move away from the forearm) tends to make the clubhead come down steeper, often resulting in a slice or an over-the-top motion.

On the other hand, a flat or slightly bowed lead wrist (where the knuckles are closer to the forearm) directs the clubhead on a more inside path.

This path is key to achieving that sought-after shallower club angle, enhancing ball contact and optimizing flight.

Tips for Maintaining the Right Wrist Position for a Shallower Shaft Angle

Training the lead wrist might feel a bit awkward initially, but with deliberate practice, it can become second nature. Here are some suggestions:

  • Mirror Drills: Stand in front of a mirror, take your golf stance, and practice moving your lead wrist into a flat or slightly bowed position. Observing yourself in real-time can help you become more aware of the wrist's movement and positioning.
  • Feel the Pressure: When gripping the club, pay attention to where the pressure is on your lead hand. Ideally, you should feel it more on the last three fingers, which can promote a better wrist angle.
  • Use Training Aids: There are wrist braces and other devices available in the market specifically designed to train the lead wrist's position. While they shouldn’t become a crutch, they can be great tools for instilling the right muscle memory during practice sessions.
  • Stay Relaxed: A tense wrist is less responsive. Keep your grip and forearm relaxed to allow for the necessary wrist movements.

Attacking the Ball: The Inside-Out Approach

While “attacking” might seem like a strong word to use in the context of golf, when we talk about the inside-out approach to ball striking, it captures the essence perfectly.

This technique is all about the direction of your swing and the path the clubhead takes before making contact with the ball.

Here's why this method has become a staple recommendation for golf enthusiasts and how to get it right.

The Benefits of Swinging from In to Out

Swinging from inside to out is essentially about ensuring the club approaches the ball from a path that's slightly to the inside of the target line and then progresses outward, post-contact.

This path offers several advantages:

  • Enhanced Ball Control: With the inside-out path, you gain more control over the ball's trajectory and spin, allowing for a more predictable and desired outcome.
  • Optimal Distance: By achieving cleaner contact and better compression between the clubface and the ball, you can often squeeze out extra yards from your shots.
  • Reduced Chances of Slicing: One of the most common woes of golfers, especially beginners, is the slice. An inside-out swing can dramatically reduce the likelihood of this unfavorable shot pattern.
  • Increased Consistency: Once mastered, the inside-out swing tends to be more repetitive, giving you a more stable and consistent game round after round.

Common Mistakes to Avoid and How They Affect Ball Striking

While the inside-out approach is beneficial, it's not immune to pitfalls.

Here are some common mistakes and their repercussions:

  • Overdoing the Inside Path: Swinging too much from the inside can result in pushes (where the ball goes straight right for right-handed golfers) or even worse, the dreaded hook. Balance is crucial.
  • Misaligned Shoulders: While the club should approach from inside, your shoulders must still remain parallel to the target line at setup. Misaligned shoulders can disrupt the entire shot sequence.
  • Overactive Hands: Some golfers, in their bid to swing from inside, become too wristy or handsy. This can lead to inconsistent strikes and even injuries over time.
  • Incorrect Ball Position: If the ball is too far forward in your stance, achieving an inside-out path becomes challenging. The ideal position varies based on the club but generally centers around the inside of the lead heel for drivers.

Popular Drills to Improve Shallowing

The quest for the perfect golf swing is a journey filled with practice, tweaks, and more practice.

Luckily, there are drills tailored to make mastering specific techniques, like shallowing, more achievable.

Here, we'll delve into a couple of popular exercises that have helped countless golfers enhance their swing's shallowing, making that dreamy ball flight a regular occurrence.

The Two Golf Ball and Club Drill: Step-by-Step

This drill, while simple in its setup, is incredibly effective in providing immediate feedback, helping golfers grasp the feel of a proper shallowed swing. Here's how to execute it:

Setup: Place two golf balls on the ground, roughly a clubhead's width apart. You'll be aiming to strike the inside ball without disturbing the outside one.

  1. Address the Inside Ball: As you set up, your primary focus is on the inside ball. This positioning naturally encourages an inside-out swing path.
  2. Execute Your Swing: Take a controlled swing, aiming to strike the inside ball cleanly. The goal is to hit it without knocking the outside ball or making it roll.
  3. Assess Your Results: If you manage to strike the inside ball without disturbing the outer one, congratulations! You've achieved a more inside-out path, indicative of a shallower swing. If the outer ball rolls or is hit, it suggests a steeper, more outside-in swing.
  4. Practice and Refine: Like all drills, repetition is key. Regularly practicing this can help ingrain the shallower swing pattern into muscle memory.

The Backswing-Stop-Steepen Drill: How and Why It Works

This drill might sound a tad counterintuitive at first, but there's method to the madness.

By exaggerating a fault, it can sometimes be easier to correct it. Here's the drill broken down:

Setup: Begin as you would with a normal swing.

  1. Initiate the Backswing: Start your swing and move into your backswing as you usually would.
  2. Pause and Steepen: Once you've reached the top of your backswing, purposefully steepen the club, essentially pointing it more towards the ground. It's an exaggerated position you typically want to avoid, but stick with me!
  3. Start the Downswing: Now, with the club in this steepened position, initiate your downswing. Here's the trick: your body will instinctively want to “rescue” this unfavorable position. To do so, your lower body will lead, and the club will naturally want to shallow out to compensate.
  4. Feel the Dynamics: The key to this drill is the feel. By repeatedly practicing, you begin to understand the dynamic action of the lower body leading and the resultant shallowing of the club.
  5. Gradually Remove the Pause: As you get more comfortable with the drill and the feelings it evokes, try to transition into a more fluid swing without the distinct pause, yet still retaining the shallowing action.

Common Mistakes When Trying to Shallow the Club

Ah, the art of shallowing the club—a crucial move for many golfers yet laden with potential pitfalls.

It's no secret that mastering this move can significantly elevate your game.

However, there's a thin line between getting it right and veering off course.

Let's dive into some common mistakes that players often make in their bid to shallow the club and explore the best ways to rectify them.

Pitfalls to Avoid

Many golfers, when introduced to the concept of shallowing, are often so eager to implement it that they unintentionally adopt habits counterproductive to their goals.

One of the most prevalent errors is forcing the club to shallow too early in the downswing.

By doing so, players find themselves ‘stuck'—a situation where the club gets trapped behind them, often leading to erratic shots either to the right or snap hooks to the left.

Another frequent pitfall is the over-reliance on the arms to do the shallowing. In this scenario, players often lay the club down flat using just their arms.

While it might feel like they're achieving the desired shallowness, they're bypassing the critical element of using the body, especially the lower half, to induce the shallowing motion. The result?

Well, it’s often an inconsistent strike, devoid of power and accuracy.

For some, the concept of shallowing leads to the neglect of other essential aspects of the swing.

They become so engrossed in laying the club down correctly that they forget about the vital elements like proper weight transfer, rotation, or even basic alignment.

Tips to Correct Common Errors

When faced with the aforementioned issues, it's essential not to get disheartened.

Every mistake is simply an opportunity to learn and refine.

If you're finding yourself shallowing too early, a great tip is to visualize the clubhead ‘trailing' the hands slightly as you begin your downswing.

This delays the shallowing motion just enough to prevent getting stuck.

For those overusing the arms, focus on initiating the downswing with your lower body.

Feel your hips start to rotate and let this motion naturally drop the club into a shallower position.

The club should feel as though it's being pulled into position rather than actively pushed there by the arms.

If neglect of other swing components is the issue, it might be time to revisit the basics.

Break your swing down into segments, working on each part individually.

Combine the shallowing with proper weight transfer drills or rotational exercises.

Remember, the golf swing is a symphony, not a solo.

Each component must play its part harmoniously for the entire movement to be successful.


In the intricate dance of golf, mastering the shallowing of the club can significantly enhance your game.

While the journey involves navigating common pitfalls, armed with the right knowledge and consistent practice, achieving a powerful and graceful swing is well within reach. Happy golfing!